The Dosimetric Significance of Using 10 MV Photons for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Post-Prostatectomy Irradiation of the Prostate Bed
The purpose of the study was to analyze the dosimetric differences when using 10 MV instead of 6 MV for VMAT treatment plans for post-prostatectomy irradiation of the prostate bed.
Methods and Materials:
Ten post-prostatectomy prostate bed irradiation cases previously treated using 6 MV with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) were re-planned using 10 MV with VMAT. Prescription dose was 66.6 Gy with 1.8 Gy per fraction for 37 daily fractions. The same structure set, number of arcs, field sizes, and minimum dose to the Planning Target Volume (PTV) were used for both 6 MV and 10 MV plans. Results were collected for dose to Organs at Risk (OAR) constraints, dose to the target structures, number of monitor units for each arc, Body V5, Conformity Index, and Integral Dose. The mean values were used to compare the 6 MV and 10 MV results. To determine the statistical significance of the results, a paired Student t test and power analysis was performed.
Statistically significant lower mean values were observed for the OAR dose constraints for the rectum, bladder-CTV, left femoral head, and right femoral head. Also, statistically significant lower mean values were observed for the BodyV5, Conformity Index, and Integral Dose.
Several dosimetric benefits were observed when using 10 MV instead of 6 MV for VMAT based treatment plans. Benefits include sparing more dose from the OAR while still maintaining the same dose coverage to the PTV. Other benefits include lower Body V5, Conformity Index, and Integral Dose.