Dosimetric predictors of treatment-related lymphopenia induced by palliative radiotherapy: Predictive ability of dose-volume parameters based on body surface contour

  • Tetsuo Saito Kumamoto University Hospital

Abstract

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Background. Radiation-related lymphopenia has been associated with poor patient outcome. We sought to identify predictors of lymphopenia after palliative radiotherapy, with a focus on dose-volume parameters.

 

Materials and methods. To retrospectively assess patients with various cancers who had undergone palliative radiotherapy, we delineated three organs at risk: the volume enclosed by the body surface contour (body A), the volume left after excluding air, pleural effusion, ascites, bile, urine, and intestinal content (body B), and the volume of the bone marrow (BM). We then noted the absolute volume of the three organs at risk that had received 5 - 30 Gy, and assessed the predictive value for post-treatment lymphopenia of grade 3 or higher (LP3+).

 

Results. Of 54 patients, 23 (43%) developed LP3+. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that body A V5, body A V10, body B V5, body B V10, the number of fractions, and splenic irradiation were significant predictors of LP3+ (p < 0.05). By multivariate analysis, body A V5, body A V10, body B V5, body B V10, and the number of fractions retained significance (p < 0.05). BM dose-volume parameters did not predict lymphopenia.

Conclusions. Higher body A and body B dose-volume parameters and a larger number of fractions may be predictors of severe lymphopenia after palliative radiotherapy.

Author Biography

Tetsuo Saito, Kumamoto University Hospital
Department of Radiation Oncology
Published
2017-06-07
How to Cite
Saito, T. (2017). Dosimetric predictors of treatment-related lymphopenia induced by palliative radiotherapy: Predictive ability of dose-volume parameters based on body surface contour. Radiology and Oncology, 51(2). Retrieved from https://radioloncol.com/index.php/ro/article/view/2661
Section
Clinical oncology