EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ORAL MUCOSAL LESIONS IN SLOVENIA

Andrej Aleksander Kansky

Abstract


Among the tumors of oral mucosa, cancer is the most dangerous, but not the most common. Since most of the studies are focused on the detection of cancer in the oral cavity, we were interested in detecting the frequency of benign changes in the oral mucosa in Slovene population. Oral mucosal lesions are important pointer of oral health and quality of life, especially in elderly. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions, together with information on the risk habits associated with oral health, such as tobacco and alcohol use, can help in planning future oral health studies and screening programs. Therefore, survey upon oral mucosal lesions was conducted during the national project for oral cancer screening in spring 2017 in the Slovenia in which more than  50% of dentists participated and 2 395 patients (904 men and 1 491 women) were included. Clinical examination which was conducted according to the WHO standards revealed that 645 patients (27%) had oral mucosal lesions. Statistical analysis was performed by use of chui-square test and values lower than 0.05 were considered as significant. The ten most common oral lesions were fibroma, gingivitis, Fordyce spots, white coated tongue, cheek biting, linea alba, denture stomatitis, geographic tongue, recurrent aphthous ulcerations and lichen planus. Overall, these epidemiological data suggest need for specific health policies for prevention, diagnosis and tretament of oral mucosal lesions.


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RADIOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY, Association of Radiology and Oncology,
Zaloska 2, P.O.Box 2217, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, T/F: +386 1 5879 434, Open access on the web: ISSN 1518-3207, De Gruyter
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