Surgical Options in Treating Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism

  • Maša Majcen Institute of Oncology Ljubljana
  • Marko Hočevar Department of Surgical Oncology, Institute of Oncology Ljubljana


Primary hyperparathyroidism is the third most common endocrine disorder for which surgical procedure called parathyroidectomy is the most effective treatment. Since the early 20th century, parathyroid surgery has improved extensively. With the advances in preoperative imaging and with understanding the causes of disease, new and minimally invasive surgical approaches overrode the standard bilateral exploratory operations. Focused parathyroidectomy is currently the standard technique for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism worldwide. The paper provides an overview of indications, contraindications and basic information for each type of surgical procedure for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism.

How to Cite
Majcen, M., & Hočevar, M. (2020). Surgical Options in Treating Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Radiology and Oncology, 54(1), 22-32. Retrieved from