Correlation of mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax) evaluated by diffusion-weighted MRI and 18F-FDG-PET/CT in children with Hodgkin Lymphoma: a feasibility study
The objective was to analyse if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can act as a non-radiation exposure surrogate for (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in children with histologically confirmed Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) before treatment. This was done by analysing a potential correlation between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in MRI and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in FDG-PET/CT.
Material and Methods
Seventeen patients (six female, eleven male, median age: 16 years, range: 12 - 20 years) with histologically confirmed HL were retrospectively analysed. The patients underwent both MRI and (18)F-FDG PET/CT before the start of treatment. (18)F-FDG PET/CT data and correlating ADC maps in MRI were collected. For each HL-lesion two readers independently evaluated the SUVmax and correlating meanADC.
The seventeen patients had a total of 72 evaluable lesions of HL and there was no significant difference in the number of lesions between male and female patients (median male: 15, range: 12 – 19 years, median female: 17 range: 12 – 18 years, p = 0.021). The mean duration between MRI and PET/CT was 5.9 ± 5.3 days. The inter-reader agreement as assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was excellent (ICC = 0.98, 95 % CI: 0.97 – 0.99). The correlated SUVmax and meanADC of all 17 patients (ROIs n = 72) showed a strong negative correlation of -0.75 (95 % CI: -0.84, – -0.63, p=0.001). Analysis revealed a difference in the correlations of the examination fields. The correlated SUVmax and meanADC showed a strong correlation at neck and thoracal examinations (neck: -0.83, 95 % CI: -0.93, – -0.63, p<0.0001, thoracal: -0.82, 95 % CI: -0.91, – -0.64, p<0.0001) and a fair correlation at abdominal examinations of -0.62 (95 % CI: -0.83, – -0.28, p=0.001).
SUVmax and meanADC showed a strong negative correlation in paediatric HL lesions. The assessment seemed robust according to inter-reader agreements. Our results suggest that ADC maps and meanADC have the potential to replace PET/CT in the analysis of disease activity in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients. This may help reduce the number of PET/CT examinations and decrease radiation exposure to children.
Hodgkin Lymphoma, DWI, ADC, MRI, PET/CT
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Copyright (c) 2023 Nicolas Rosbach, Sebastian Fischer, Vitali Koch, Thomas Vogl, Konrad Bochennek, Thomas Lehrnbecher, Scherwin Mahmoudi, Leon Grünewald, Frank Grünwald, Simon Bernatz
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