Genetic polymorphisms in homologous recombination repair genes in healthy Slovenian population and their influence on DNA damage

  • Katja Goricar
  • Nina Erculj
  • Maja Zadel
  • Vita Dolzan

Abstract

Background. Homologous recombination (HR) repair is an important mechanism involved in repairing double-strand breaks in DNA and for maintaining genomic stability. Polymorphisms in genes coding for enzymes involved in this pathway may influence the capacity for DNA repair. The aim of this study was to select tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in specific genes involved in HR repair, to determine their allele frequencies in a healthy Slovenian population and their influence on DNA damage detected with comet assay.

Materials and Methods. In total 373 individuals were genotyped for nine tag SNPs in three genes: XRCC3 722C>T, XRCC3 -316A>G, RAD51 -98G>C, RAD51 -61G>T, RAD51 1522T>G, NBS1 553G>C, NBS1 1197A>G, NBS1 37117C>T and NBS1 3474A>C using competitive allele-specific amplification (KASPar assay). Comet assay was performed in a subgroup of 26 individuals to determine the influence of selected SNPs on DNA damage.

Results. We observed that age significantly affected genotype frequencies distribution of XRCC3 -316A>G (P = 0.039) in healthy male blood donors. XRCC3 722C>T (P = 0.005), RAD51 -61G>T (P = 0.023) and NBS1 553G>C (P = 0.008) had a statistically significant influence on DNA damage.

Conclusions.XRCC3 722C>T, RAD51 -61G>T and NBS1 553G>C polymorphisms significantly affect the repair of damaged DNA and may be of clinical importance as they are common in Slovenian population.

Author Biographies

Katja Goricar
Nina Erculj
Maja Zadel
Vita Dolzan
Published
2012-03-01
How to Cite
Goricar, K., Erculj, N., Zadel, M., & Dolzan, V. (2012). Genetic polymorphisms in homologous recombination repair genes in healthy Slovenian population and their influence on DNA damage. Radiology and Oncology, 46(1). Retrieved from https://radioloncol.com/index.php/ro/article/view/799
Section
Experimental oncology