Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for the treatment of unicentric Castlemans disease: a case report and review of the use of radiotherapy in the literature
Background. Surgical resection is considered standard therapy for cases of resectable unicentric Castleman's disease (UCD). Unresectable cases of UCD do not have a consensus regarding the optimal treatment approach, but have utilized steroids, observation, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Here we discuss a patient presentation of UCD treated with an advanced radiotherapy technique, IMRT.
Case report. A 47 year old female was found to have an intra-thoracic posterior UCD and was determined not to be a good surgical candidate. She was referred for radiotherapy and was treated using IMRT to a total dose of 4320 cGy in 180 cGy fractions including a scheduled 10 day break. Following the break, the patient's treatment was replanned at which the initial treatment volume was reduced by 50.9% for the duration of the treatment course. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade III pneumonitis developed which was managed medically. Neither disease progression nor late effects have occurred.
Conclusions. The use of IMRT and planned treatment break was successful in the treatment of a case of UCD, and should be considered for other unresectable cases.