Effect of the Oral Intake of Astaxanthin on Semen Parameters in Patients with Oligo-Astheno-Teratozoospermia: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial

Oral intake of astaxanthin and semen parameters in infertile patients

  • Senka Imamovic Kumalic Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana; Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana;
  • Irma Virant Klun Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana; Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana;
  • Eda Vrtacnik Bokal Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana; Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana;
  • Bojana Pinter Division of Ob/Gyn, UMC Ljubljana; Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana

Abstract

Background. Higher concentrations of seminal reactive oxygen species may be related to male infertility. Astaxanthin with high antioxidant activity can have an impact on the prevention and treatment of various health conditions, including cancer. However, efficacy studies on astaxanthin in patients with oligo- with/without astheno- with/without teratozoospermia (O±A±T) have not yet been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of the oral intake of astaxanthin on semen parameters.

Patients and methods. In a randomized double-blind trial, 80 men with O±A±T were allocated to intervention with 16 mg astaxanthin orally daily or placebo. At baseline and after three months basic semen parameters, sperm deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fragmentation and mitochondrial membrane potential of spermatozoa and serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) value were measured.

Results. Analysis of the results of 72 patients completing the study (37 in the study group, 35 in the placebo group) did not show any statistically significant change, in astaxanthin group no improvements in total number of spermatozoa, concentration of spermatozoa, total motility of spermatozoa, morphology of spermatozoa, DNA fragmentation and mitochondrial membrane potential of spermatozoa or serum FSH were determined. In the placebo group, statistically significant changes in the total number and concentration of spermatozoa were determined.

Conclusions. The oral intake of astaxanthin did not affect any semen parameters in patients with O±A±T.

 

Key words: antioxidant, male infertility, OAT, semen quality, DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential

Published
2021-02-15
How to Cite
Imamovic Kumalic, S., Virant Klun, I., Vrtacnik Bokal, E., & Pinter, B. (2021). Effect of the Oral Intake of Astaxanthin on Semen Parameters in Patients with Oligo-Astheno-Teratozoospermia: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Radiology and Oncology, 55(1), 97-105. Retrieved from https://radioloncol.com/index.php/ro/article/view/3533
Section
Clinical oncology